Education: Licensure Programs

Area of Education

Updated Fall 2013

The undergraduate teacher education program supports the following goals of Milligan College:

The undergraduate teacher education program is designed to serve persons who plan to obtain professional licensure for teaching in early childhood (serving children from birth through grade three), elementary (serving children kindergarten through sixth grade), middle grades (serving children from grades four through eight), secondary (serving children from grades seven through twelve), special education PreK-3, and selected K-12 specialty fields (music, physical education, theatre, and visual arts). Students interested in teaching in elementary schools may select early childhood (early elementary grades), elementary (K-6), and/or middle grades (upper elementary) programs of study. Education students may also choose to pursue careers in professional settings other than schools, e.g., child development programs, church settings, and post-secondary institutions.

The Milligan College teacher education faculty is committed to nurture and develop caring and reflective teachers, those who reflect continually on their practice in search of excellence, and who care deeply about the students and families they serve. Knowing that every child deserves a quality teacher, we are committed to developing in our teacher candidates the professional knowledge, skills, and dispositions required to succeed in contemporary schools. Undergraduate and graduate initial licensure programs of study are available.

General Information

Admission to the Teacher Education Program

Entering undergraduate students who intend to pursue professional teaching licensure should file a statement of “Intent to Pursue Teaching Licensure” in the Center for Assistance to Students in Education (CASE) at the beginning of their first semester at Milligan. Filing this statement will establish an initial program of study and designate an education adviser. Students initiate the application process leading to admission to teacher education while enrolled in EDUC 150 Introduction to Education or immediately upon transfer from another program or institution.

For full admission to the professional level of the teacher education program, students must have at least a 2.50 overall grade point average on a minimum of 30 credit hours. A minimum 2.5 overall grade point average will be required for subsequent approval to student teach. Students also must complete the Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) with Tennessee approved scores, submit a TBI background check indicating no areas of concern, and submit two references. Students with an Enhanced ACT score of 22 or an enhanced SAT score of 1020 are exempt from taking the PPST. Admission decisions will be made once each semester. The application deadline for fall semester admissions is the last Friday in September. The application deadline for spring semester admissions is the last Friday in February. Completing all requirements for full admission to teacher education is the responsibility of the student.

Admission to the program does not guarantee continuance or completion. The teacher education faculty may recommend that a candidate not continue in the program if determined that such action is in the interest of Milligan College, the teacher candidate, or the profession. The candidate will then be administratively withdrawn from the program.

Licensure

Teacher candidates complete supervised field experiences and student teaching in public or private partner schools in nearby communities. During one of the senior semesters, candidates complete a full-time student teaching experience and participate in a series of associated capstone seminars especially designed to provide opportunities to reflect on relationships between theory and practical experiences in education. Candidates will also develop and maintain a portfolio throughout the program to document emerging professional competencies.

Final assessment of program outcomes (as reflected in the portfolio, the student teaching experience, and minimum scores on all Praxis II subtests required for the license sought) is a critical component of the capstone seminar. A passing grade in the capstone seminar reflects program completion and will not be awarded until all program outcomes are fully met. Early completion of all Praxis II subtests is strongly recommended to ensure completion of this course as well as the receipt of all credentials including one’s academic transcript demonstrating program completion for submission to state regulatory agencies for licensure.

Teacher candidates should anticipate various fees related to state licensure requirements. Fees will be incurred for completion of the Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) and the Praxis II, for purchase of liability insurance, for verification of CPR and/or first aid proficiency, for completing a TBI background check, and any other licensure requirements mandated by the State of Tennessee.

Milligan College offers curricula for licensure issued by the State of Tennessee for early childhood educators (PreK-Grade 3), elementary educators (K-6), middle grades educators (Grades 4-8), secondary educators, special educators (PreK-3), and specialists in music, physical education, theatre, and visual arts (K-12). Milligan College is approved by the Tennessee Department of Education for teacher education and is accredited by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE). Successful completion of this program leads to Tennessee licensure. Meeting all Tennessee licensure requirements is mandatory, even for those who intend to move to other states for employment. Through state reciprocal licensure agreements, some Milligan graduates also attain licensure in other states.

Accreditation by NCATE ensures that a teacher education degree from Milligan is instantly recognized in Tennessee and the nation for its quality. Milligan College is one of only approximately 600 NCATE institutions nationally. Research has shown that graduates from NCATE institutions significantly outperform those from non-NCATE institutions on National Teacher Examinations. Milligan’s commitment to meet NCATE standards means that each graduate of teacher education programs gains the knowledge, skills, and dispositions needed for success as a professional educator.

Portfolio

Teacher candidates are required to develop an electronic portfolio documenting their mastery of applicable Milligan College program outcomes. Portfolios are organized around outcome statements based upon Interstate Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (InTASC) standards and must be submitted during the student teaching semester. Initial and continuing full admission status is contingent on periodic review of developing portfolios. Fall semester student teachers must submit portfolios for final review by the last Monday in November; spring semester student teachers must submit portfolios by the last Monday in April. Students failing to meet these deadlines will receive a grade of “Incomplete” in EDUC 460 Capstone Seminar. This grade of “Incomplete” will delay graduation, program completion, and recommendation for licensure.

A TBI background check must be completed prior to admission to the teacher education program.

Student Teaching

Approval to student teach is granted only to teacher candidates who have been fully admitted to the professional level of the teacher education program and who maintain eligibility at that level. In addition to meeting established minimum grade point averages and Tennessee-approved PPST scores, approval to student teach requires:

  1. Maintaining a minimum overall 2.5 grade point average;
  2. Earning a minimum grade of C-minus in all courses in the academic major;
  3. Passing the Praxis exam(s) in the content area;
  4. Earning a minimum grade of C-minus in all required teacher education courses in the program of study;
  5. Obtaining liability insurance;
  6. Verification of CPR and/or first aid proficiency;
  7. Submission of a TBI background check indicating no areas of concern;
  8. Documentation of emerging teaching competencies in a portfolio;
  9. Positive review by the Admission and Retention Committee based on:
    1. positive disposition ratings from prior mentors and supervisors
    2. demonstrated competence in lesson plan development
    3. demonstrated ability to interact effectively with students in       classroom settings;
  10. An application turned in to CASE no later than midterm of the semester before student teaching would begin.

The application deadline for fall semester student teaching is midterm of the semester prior to the student teaching semester. Applications processed after these deadlines will incur a substantial late placement fee and may not be considered for placement.

The candidate should expect to take no more than thirteen hours of credit (twelve hours of student teaching and one hour of the capstone seminar) during the student teaching semester. Employment and other substantial extracurricular activities during the student teaching semester are strongly discouraged. Taking additional classes or working without written permission from the mentor, supervisor, and area chair is grounds for dismissal from student teaching. As a part of the student teaching approval process, the director of teacher education will determine that all prerequisite course work is completed and that any course work remaining to complete the Milligan College B.A. or B.S. program may reasonably be completed in one remaining semester. Prerequisite course work includes all professional level education courses and all courses in the academic major. Candidates pursuing licensure in two or more areas (i.e., middle grades and early childhood education) can expect an extended student teaching experience, possibly in a subsequent semester.

Student teaching is an experience in instruction, assessment, and classroom management in an assigned partner school, combined with initial orientation classes and periodic evening workshops and seminars. Student teacher experience placements will be made with partner school systems located in the surrounding area to maintain proper supervision levels and the integrity of the teacher education program. The student teaching assignment typically involves experience at two grade levels during the fifteen-week period. During the student teaching semester, candidates observe the schedule of the assigned partner school including beginning student teaching when the assigned school system begins the term instead of following the Milligan College schedule. Absences for reasons other than documented illness or family emergency are strongly discouraged. Excessive absences may result in an extension of the student teaching experience after completion of the Milligan College semester. Successful completion of student teaching is a condition of graduation from Milligan College with recommendation for licensure.

Praxis II

Candidates completing any teacher education program are required to take the Praxis II test “Principles of Learning and Teaching” and appropriate Specialty Area Tests. Tennessee publishes a list of the required Specialty Area Tests and passing scores for each licensure area. This list is available in the Center for Assistance to Students in Education (CASE) or online at ETS. Graduation does not guarantee licensure. Any teacher candidate who fails to meet passing Tennessee scores on all required Praxis II tests and subtests is not a program completer, cannot be recommended by Milligan College for licensure, nor granted a passing grade in capstone.

In accordance with the United States Congress in the reauthorization of Title II of the Higher Education Act, the Milligan College Teacher Education Program reports the pass rates of the Praxis II exams for 2010 - 2011 program completers. One hundred percent of the education graduates passed all institutional exams for initial teacher licensure.

Tests Required for All Licensure Candidates

Please see www.ets.org/praxisfor information on current Praxis tests and passing scores for all licensure areas.

Undergraduate Enrollment in Graduate Courses

Undergraduate students may take up to 9 hours of courses for graduate credit in education, after they have completed 90 hours of undergraduate course work and have these credits apply toward their Master of Education degree. Students earning graduate credit in undergraduate courses will be required to complete additional course requirements. These credits must be in addition to at least 128 credits of undergraduate work. Outlined below are the courses that may be taken and a list of the courses for which graduate credit may be earned.

Undergraduate Course

Graduate Course

EDUC 357Content Area Reading EDUC 527 Content Area Reading
EDUC 356 Literacy Development EDUC 577 Language Arts and Reading
EDUC 406 Early Childhood and Elementary Curriculum and Methods EDUC 576 Early Childhood and Elementary Curriculum and Methods
EDUC 440 Creative Activities for Young Children EDUC 541 Integrating the Arts into Curriculum
EDUC 475 Early Childhood Administration EDUC 575 Advanced Early Childhood Administration
HXPS 440 Health and Physical Education Methods EDUC 540 Health and Physical Education Methods
EDUC 357 Content Area Reading EDUC 527 Content Area Reading
EDUC 408 Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and Methods EDUC 520 Middle Grades and Secondary Curriculum and Methods
EDUC 306 Middle Grades and Secondary Foundations EDUC 562 Seminar in Middle Grades and Secondary Foundations 

 

Center for Assistance to Students in Education (CASE)

The Center for Assistance to Students in Education (CASE) provides coordinated assistance and support to students seeking professional teacher licensure at Milligan College. Located in the Teacher Education Curriculum Center, CASE attends to several critical functions throughout the various undergraduate and graduate teacher education programs of study. Accountability checkpoints have been established from initial contact with potential teacher candidates through post-graduation and post-licensure follow-up contacts. Academic advisement, field placements, mentoring, performance assessment and portfolio development, completion of graduation and licensure requirements, assistance with induction into initial employment and, if necessary, tutoring and counseling are coordinated by and through CASE.

Curriculum Center and Paul Clark Teacher Education Center

The Curriculum Center houses a collection of textbooks, instructional materials, curriculum guides, professional books, and electronic resources. Also included are audiotapes, videotapes, and educational computer software. A work space where teacher candidates can produce materials for learning centers and bulletin boards is a part of the Center as well as a scanner, laminator, lettering machine, transparency maker, and various consumable supplies for the production of such materials. Also housed in the Curriculum Center are digital cameras, videocassette recorders, and several camcorders. Computer terminals also provide electronic access to the P. H. Welshimer Library and other resources via the Internet. The Paul Clark Teacher Education Center includes a technology classroom and conference room. Located adjacent to the curriculum center and CASE, the Paul Clark facility provides a model environment for professional education studies.

Library

The P. H. Welshimer Memorial Library is a vital gathering place for studying and learning. In addition to its collection of print and media resources that support all the college’s academic programs, the Library’s website serves as a portal to a wide array of high quality electronic information resources, accessible on- or off-campus, 24 hours a day/7 days a week. These resources include many education-related journal databases such as Education Research Complete, Professional Collection, and ERIC (the USDE’s Education Resources Information Center). Qualified librarians are available to assist you with your resource and research needs through in-person consults, telephone, or online reference services.

The Library is a participating member in the shared online catalog of the Appalachian College Association’s (ACA) Bowen Central Library of Appalachia. The Library also subscribes to WorldCat, an online catalog that gives Milligan students access, through our interlibrary loan service, to books, journal articles, and media from thousands of libraries worldwide.

Undergraduate Initial Licensure Programs

Academic Major Hrs Licensure Areas Grade
Level
Available
Degree
Programs
Biology 24 Elementary Education K-6 BA  
32 Middle Grades 8-Apr BS
32 Secondary Education (Biology) 12-Jul BS
Business Administration 36 Secondary Education (Business) 12-Jul BA BS
45 Secondary Education (Business-Technology) 12-Jul BA BS
Chemistry 24 Elementary Education K-6 BA BS
Middle Grades 8-Apr BA BS
Secondary Education (Chemistry) 12-Jul BA  
Child and Youth
Development
63 Early Childhood Education PreK-3   BS
69* PreK-3 Special Education PreK-3 BS
English 30 Elementary Education K-6 BA  
Middle Grades 8-Apr BA
Secondary Education (English) 12-Jul BA
Fine Arts – Art 35-37 Visual Arts (K-12) K-12 BA  
Fine Arts – Theatre Arts 38-47 Theatre K-12 BA  
History 31 Elementary Education K-6 BA  
Middle Grades 8-Apr BA
Secondary Education (History) 12-Jul BA
Secondary Education (History-Economics) 12-Jul BA
Humanities-English
Concentration
24 Elementary Education (see special program listed in Humanities) K-6 BA  
24 Middle Grades 8-Apr BA
Humanities-French
Concentration
24 Elementary Education K-6 BA  
18 Middle Grades 8-Apr BA
  Secondary Education (French) 12-Jul BA
Humanities-History
Concentration
24 Elementary Education (see special program listed in Humanities) K-6 BA  
24 Middle Grades 8-Apr BA
Humanities-Spanish
Concentration
24 Elementary Education K-6 BA  
18 Middle Grades 8-Apr BA
  Secondary Education (Spanish) 12-Jul BA
Human Performance and  Exercise Science 38 Physical Education K-12 BA BS
Language Arts 33 Elementary Education K-6 BA  
Middle Grades 8-Apr BA
Language Arts-French Concentration 33 Elementary Education K-6 BA  
Middle Grades 8-Apr BA
World Languages (French) K-12 BA
Language Arts-Spanish Concentration 33 Elementary Education K-6 BA  
Middle Grades 8-Apr BA
World Languages (Spanish) K-12 BA
Mathematics 30-36 Elementary Education K-6 BA BS
Middle Grades 8-Apr BS
Secondary Education 12-Jul BS
Music Education 38 Music (K-12 Instrumental) K-12 BA  
Music Education 38 Music (K-12 Vocal) K-12 BA  
Political Science 33 Government (pending state approval) 12-Jul   BS
Psychology 36 Secondary Education (Psych.) 12-Sep BA BS
Sociology 30 Secondary Education (Sociology) 12-Sep BA BS

Milligan College students may pursue initial professional teaching licensure in early childhood education (PreK-grade 3); elementary education (K-6); middle grades education (grades 4-8); secondary education (grades 7-12); K-12 specialization programs in music, physical education, theatre, and visual arts ; and special education (PreK-3). Licensure in other areas is available at either the undergraduate or the graduate level. In addition to the general education and licensure courses listed below, all undergraduate students pursuing teaching licensure must complete a Milligan College major in a field other than education.

These courses and related experiences were developed by the Milligan College faculty in response to lists of required knowledge, skill, and disposition outcomes developed by the Tennessee Department of Education, the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), and the Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (InTASC). Verification of current CPR and/or first aid competency is required for student teaching.

Early Childhood Education
(PreK-3) licensure

The early childhood education licensure program includes (1) general education courses, (2) the child and youth development major with an early childhood education emphasis, and (3) educational studies courses. Early childhood education students have as their academic advisers faculty members in teacher education.

Child and Youth Development Major with Early Childhood Education Licensure Emphasis and Educational Studies courses

See Child and Youth Development section of the catalog.

Elementary Education (K-6) licensure

The elementary education licensure program includes (1) general education courses, (2) a major in a single discipline from the arts and sciences, and (3) educational studies courses. Elementary education students have as their academic advisers faculty members in teacher education and their chosen academic major.

Child and Youth Development major with Elementary (K-6) emphasis and Educational Studies courses

See Child and Youth Development section of the catalog.

Middle Grades Education licensure

The middle grades education licensure program includes:

  1. General education courses;
  2. A major in a single discipline from the arts and sciences;
  3. An area of emphasis of at least twelve credits from the arts and sciences;
  4. Educational studies courses.

    Note: to be qualified under the No Child Left Behind requirements, students must have:
    1. A major
    2. 24 credits or
    3. Pass the appropriate Praxis examinations to teach a subject in grades 7-8 in Tennessee.

Middle grades education students have as their academic advisers faculty members in teacher education and their chosen academic major.

General Education Requirements (52 hrs)

Major in the arts and sciences (hours vary by major) and second area of emphasis (12 credits)

Licensure Courses (57)

Verification of CPR and/or first aid competency that is current is required for student teaching.

Secondary Education licensure

The programs for licensure in secondary education are designed for persons interested in teaching in grades seven through twelve. Secondary licensure may be completed with the Bachelor of Science degree (selected majors) or the Bachelor of Arts degree (foreign language through the intermediate level required).

Candidates completing the licensure program complete:

  1. General education courses;
  2. An academic major;
  3. Educational studies courses.

The following are available secondary licensure areas: biology, business, business with technology, chemistry, English, French (language arts or humanities major), government (pending state approval), history, history with economics, mathematics, psychology, sociology, and Spanish (language arts or humanities major).

Secondary education students have as their academic advisers faculty members in teacher education and their chosen academic major.

General Education Requirements (52 hrs)

Major in the arts and sciences (hours vary by major)

Secondary licensing requires a major in the intended licensure area. Acceptable majors include biology, business administration, chemistry, English, history, history with economics, history with government, mathematics, psychology and sociology.

Licensure Courses (41 hrs)

Verification of CPR and/or first aid competency that is current is required for student teaching.

K-12 Specialty licensure

Milligan offers K-12 teacher education programs in physical education; music, vocal and general; music, instrumental; visual arts and theatre. Courses and curricula for these programs are listed in subsequent sections of this catalog.

Students seeking teacher licensure are required to complete the courses listed below:

Educational Studies
K-12 Licensure Programs

Course

World Languages/
Visual Arts/
Theatre

Music

Phys. Ed.


EDUC 150

X

X

X

EDUC 152

X

X  (or MUSC 211)

X

EDUC 231

X

X

HPXS 406

EDUC 233 or 234

X

MUSC 451/452

X

EDUC 306

X

MUSC 451

X

EDUC 321

X

X

X (or HPXS 308)

EDUC 356

X

X

X

EDUC 408

X

MUSC 452

HPXS 350/370

EDUC 455

X

X

X

EDUC 460

X

X

X

PSYC 252, 253 or 254

X

X

X

PSYC 356

X

MUSC 250

X


PK-3 Special Education licensure

Joint Special Education and Preschool/Early Childhood Education Licensure Program

General Education Requirements

Child and Youth Development with Early Childhood Emphasis (68 hrs)

Verification of CPR and/or first aid competency that is current is required for student teaching.